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In the wake of the Gulf of Mexico spill of 2010, industry mobilized itself and launched four Joint Industry Task Forces (JITFs) to critically assess capabilities and performance. Each JITF brought forth subject matter experts to identify best practices in offshore drilling operations and oil spill response and to share that knowledge across industry. The goal is to ensure environmental protection through enhanced safety.

The Oil Spill Preparedness and Response JITF examined industry’s ability to respond to a “Spill of National Significance (SONS)” and the actual response to the Gulf of Mexico spill. This program consists of the following seven work-streams:

  • Spill Response Planning
  • Oil Sensing and Tracking
  • Dispersant
  • In-Situ Burning
  • Mechanical Recovery
  • Shoreline Protection
  • Alternative Response Technologies
  • Inland

VIDEO: Dispersant’s Role in Biodegradation

Spill Response Planning

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Guidelines for Oil Spill Response Training and Exercise Programs, API Technical Report 1159
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Guidelines for Offshore Oil Spill Response Plans, API Technical Report 1145
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Personal Protective Equipment Selection for Oil Spill Responders, API Recommended Practice 98
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Introduction to Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA)

Oil Sensing and Tracking

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Remote Sensing in Support of Oil Spill Response, API Technical Report 1144

Dispersants

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Dispersants Fact Sheet 1 - Introduction to Dispersants
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 2 - Dispersants and Human Health and Safety
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 3 - Fate of Oil and Weathering
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 4 - Toxicity and Dispersants
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 5 - Dispersant Use Approvals in the United States
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 6 - Trade Offs
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 7 - Aerial Vessel
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Dispersants Fact Sheet 8 – Subsea and Point Source Dispersant Operations
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Dispersant Fact Sheet 9 – Dispersant Use & Regulation Timeline
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Dispersant Fact Sheet 10 – Dispersant Use in the Arctic Environment
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Industry Recommended Sub-sea Dispersant Monitoring Plan, API Technical Report 1152
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Introduction to the Role of Dispersants in Oil Spill Response
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SINTEF Dispersants Effectiveness Report – Phase I
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SINTEF Dispersants Effectiveness Report - Phase II
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SINTEF Dispersants Effectiveness Report – Phase III
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SINTEF Dispersants Effectiveness Report – Phase V
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SINTEF Dispersants Effectiveness Report – Phase VI
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Aerial and Vessel Dispersant Preparedness and Operations Guide, API Technical Report 1148
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Report: Evaluation of Models for Subsurface Dispersant Injection
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Industry Guidelines on Requesting Regulatory Concurrence for Subsea Dispersant Use, API Bulletin 4719

In-Situ Burning

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Fact Sheet 1: Introduction to In-Situ Burning
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Fact Sheet 2: Fate of Burned Oil
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Fact Sheet 3: Human Health and Environmental Effects
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Fact Sheet 4: Assessing ISB Benefits and Risks
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Fact Sheet 5: ISB Approval in the U.S.
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Fact Sheet 6: ISB Operations
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Field Operations Guide for In-situ Burning of Inland Oil Spills, API Technical Report 1251
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Field Operations Guide for In-situ Burning of On-Water Oil Spills, API Technical Report 1252
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API Selection and Training Guidelines for In Situ Burning Personnel, API Technical Report 1253
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In-Situ Burning – The Fate of Burned Oil, API Publication 4735
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In Situ Burning: A Decision Maker’s Guide, API Technical Report 1256

Mechanical Recovery

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Deepwater Horizon Mechanical Recovery System Evaluation, API Technical Report 1143

Shoreline Protection

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Oil Spills in Marshes – Planning and Response Considerations, API Technical Report 1146
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Subsurface Oil Detection and Delineation in Shoreline Sediments – Phase 1 Report, API Technical Report 1149-1
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Subsurface Oil Detection and Delineation in Shoreline Sediments – Phase 2 Field Guide, API Technical Report 1149-2
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Subsurface Oil Detection and Delineation in Shoreline Sediments – Phase 2 Report, API Technical Report 1149-2A
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Shoreline Protection on Sand Beaches – Phase 1 Report, API Technical Report 1150-1
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Shoreline Protection on Sand Beaches – Phase 2 Field Guide, API Technical Report 1150-2
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Improvements for the Mechanized Cleanup of Oiled Sand Beaches – Phase 1 Report, API Technical Report 1151-1
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Tidal Inlet Protection Strategies (TIPS) – Phase 1 Report, API Technical Report 1153-1
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Tidal Inlet Protection Strategies (TIPS) – Phase 2 Field Guide, API Technical Report 1153-2
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Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Oiled Beaches, API Technical Report 1147
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Canine Oil Detection: Field Trials Report, API Technical Report 1149-3
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Canine Oil Detection: (K9 – SCAT) Guidelines, API Technical Report 1149-4
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Mechanical Treatment of Sand Beaches Historical Library Report, API Technical Report 1151-4
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Shoreline In Situ Treatment (Sediment Mixing and Relocation) Fact Sheet, API Technical Report 1155-2
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Shoreline In Situ Treatment (Sediment Mixing and Relocation) Job Aid, API Technical Report 1155-3
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Shoreline In Situ Treatment (Sediment Mixing and Relocation) Library Report, API Technical Report 1155-1

Alternative Response Technologies

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An Evaluation of the Alternative Response Technology Evaluation System (ARTES), API Technical Report 1142

Inland

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Inland Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Overview
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Sunken Oil Detection and Recovery, API Technical Report 1154-1
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Sunken Oil Detection and Recovery Operational Guide, API Technical Report 1154-2
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Options for Minimizing Environmental Impacts of Inland Spill Response, API Technical Report 425
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Onshore Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Emergency Preparedness and Response, API Recommended Practice 1174

Latest Reports

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API JITF Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Newsletter 2014
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API JITF Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Newsletter 2013
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Analysis of U.S. Oil Spillage